'aziz. Precious. An authentic tradition coming from two Companions.
da'if. Not fulfilling the required conditions.
fard. See gharib.
gharib. Authentic, but resting on the authority of only one Companion.
hasan. Of fair authority; with a slight fault.
ijmali. Referring to many things.
mahfuz. One of two suspicious traditions which has a slight advantage over its rival.
manqul. Handed down by tradition.
maqbul. Received generally; fulfilling all conditions.
maqlub. Known to have come from a person other than the soi-disant reporter.
maqtu'. An isnad which is interrupted or cut off.
mardud. A tradition from a doubtful source which contradicts a tradition of good standing.
marfu'. Record of a word or deed of the prophet reported by the Companion who heard or saw it.
ma'ruf. Weak, yet known because it is confirmed by another.
mashhur. A tradition vouched for by more than two Companions.
mauquf. An isnad going back to the Companions, but stopping short of the prophet.
mu'allal. An isnad or text with a hidden fault.
mu'allaq. Suspended i. e. without the name of the Companion.
mubham. Coming from one of whom one knows nothing but the name.
mu'dal. An isnad from which a name has disappeared.
mudallas. A tradition falsely ascribed to an early authority.
mudraj. A gloss or observation inserted by one of the first reporters of the tradition.
mudtarab. A tradition in which a word has become misplaced, added, or suppressed, or suffered any kind of derangement.
mukhtalif. Two traditions which are in apparent contradiction, but which can be reconciled.
munkar. A tradition of weak authority contradicted by a weaker one.
munqala'. An isnad from which a name has disappeared.
mursal. A text without isnad, or one with an incomplete isnad, or without the name of the Follower.
musahhaf. An isnad in which a name is badly written; or, a text in which a word is badly written.
musalsal. With a chain of authorities reaching back to the prophet.
mushkal. Of doubtful authority.
musnad. A tradition whose isnad goes back to the prophet. A collection of such supported traditions.
mustaf'id. See mashhir.
mutabi. A tradition similar in import to another one going back to the same authority.
mutawatir. Reported by numerous authorities.
mutqin. Accurate reporter.
muttafaq 'alaihi. Received by Bukhari and Muslim.
muttasal. A tradition with an uninterrupted isnad.
rawi. One who reports a tradition.
sahih. Genuine; fulfilling all conditions.
shadhdh. Exceptional. A tradition of good authority yet in conflict with another similarly attested.
shahid. A tradition from a Companion bearing witness to or confirming one from another Companion.
tariq. The route, or reporters, by which the tradition has come.
thiqa. Trustworthy reporter.
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